Dog Breed Info

Prep Phase


Care of eyes on breeds with medium long coat types are the same for pet and show trim, and at a minimum due to length of coat, except for specific breeds with large, protruding eyes or breeds with eye disorders.

Eye Care Procedure
Use a soft cloth with a mild shampoo to remove tearing and to clean the skin and coat around the upper and lower eyelids, corner of eyes, stop area and upper muzzle. Use a damp cloth with a waterless shampoo on a dog that is head shy. If the dog has wrinkles, spread the skin to smooth out the wrinkle to clean, rinse and dry the area properly.

Maintenance Level: Minimum
Schedule: Weekly


Care of the eyes on breeds with short, smooth, medium smooth. Nordic, rough Nordic, rough and medium long coat types are the same and require same amount of time and maintenance.


Erect Type Ears
Care of ears on breeds with medium long coat types, with erect ears, is the same for the pet and show trim, and at a maximum due to amount of coat on ear. The erect ear allows for excellent ventilation and the sparse hair in ear canal acts as a filtering system.


Trimming During the Finishing Phase
Medium long coat types with erect ears have slightly longer coat on ears that require trimming to create correct ear shape and sharper lines to enhance expression and head silhouette. Longer coat is trimmed using hand plucking, clippering, scissoring and or thinning techniques to create sharp lines on edge of ear leather.

Drop Type Ears
Care of ears on breeds with medium long coat types, with drop ears, require a more frequent ear cleaning schedule to keep ears smelling fresh and to prevent ear infections due to type of ear (drop) and lack of ventilation that keeps ear canal moist, creating an environment for odors and bacteria to grow.


Trimming Ventilation Strip During Finishing Phase
Trimming longer coat in front of ear canal on breeds with drop ears creates better ventilation and helps eliminate a moist environment in which bacteria can grow. Keeping ears well ventilated also eliminates odor caused by lack of ventilation. Before trimming ventilation strip check breed standard. For the pet trim, preventing ear infections and eliminating odor is typically the first choice for the pet family.

Trimming Coat on Topside and Underside of Ear
Trimming coat on ears to appear shorter following contour of ear leather is required on some breeds to enhance or correct shape of ear to achieve the ultimate expression. Trimming coat shorter also prevents matting and creates a well groomed appearance.


Trimming Coat on Upper Portion of Ear Leather on Topside and Underside - Sporting Breeds
Trimming the coat from the upper portion of the ear leather on topside and underside to appear shaved or short coated is the signature look for many sporting breeds in show and pet trims. A clippering technique is used to remove coat. Ear leather is trimmed short to jawline leaving longer coat on the lower half creating an overall slick head appearance.

Ear Care Procedure
Use a cotton ball soaked with ear cleaning solution to swab ear canal and area around canal, including underside of ear leather.



Care of ears on breeds with short, smooth, medium smooth and Nordic coat types are the same and require same amount of time and maintenance. Care of ears on breeds with rough and rough Nordic coat types takes more time due to slightly longer coat. Care of ears on breeds with medium long coat types takes more time than rough and rough Nordic due to trimming and styling.

Maintenance Level: Maximum
Schedule:Weekly Cleaning
Ear Canal Hair Removal: No
Ventilation Strip: 6 Weeks - Drop Ear Type Only/Optional
Coat Removed Topside and Underside: 6 Weeks - Drop Ear Type Only/Optional


Care of the feet on breeds with medium long coat types varies due to amount of coat on foot. Coat on top of foot, coat around edges, coat that grows over pads, coat between pads and coat between toes may be trimmed.

Breed Standards
Reference breed standards to verify amount of trimming permitted on foot and hock area. For example, many breed standards allow trimming coat on top of foot, on edge of foot, hair that grows over pads, but require hair between pads to protect foot in severe weather and rough terrain.

Foot Care Procedures
Coat is trimmed utilizing clippering, scissoring and thinning techniques. Coat may be trimmed on top of foot, around edge, from pads and coat that grows over pads and sometimes between toes to maintain length, create proper foot type and prevent matting. Coat is removed to prevent debris from gathering and to create secure movement for dog, especially on slick surfaces.

Trimming pastern and hock area is required on many breeds to complete overall well groomed appearance and to show off structure of dog. Coat is trimmed to create a vertical, more defined, but natural line, showing no signs of trimming. For show trim check individual breed standards. For pet trim this completes the overall well groomed appearance and prevents tracking leaves and other debris in house making this a must for pet families with dogs with these coat type


Care of feet on breeds with short, smooth, medium smooth and Nordic are at a minimum. Dogs with rough, rough Nordic and medium long coat types require trimming.

Maintenance Level: Moderate
Schedule: Weekly - Check nails and bottom of feet, especially between the pads.
Hair Removal Top of Foot: Optional - 6 weeks
Hair Removal Edge of Feet: Yes
Hair Removal Over Pads: Yes
Hair Removal Between Pads: Optional - 6 weeks
Hair Removal Between Toes: Optional - 6 weeks


Care of sanitary on breeds with rough Nordic coat types typically require trimming stomach, around rectal area and on underside of tail at base to create proper profile.

Breed Standards

Check breed standard before clippering stomach. Many breed standards state dog must be shown in a natural state with no signs of artificial trimming. Longer coat on stomach is for protection during severe weather and in rough terrain. Trimming stomach area for pet trim prevents matting and creates an overall groomed appearance. Trimming also prevents stains and odors.

Sanitary Care Procedures
Coat is trimmed on stomach, around rectum and on underside of tail at base using clippering, thinning and scissoring techniques. Do not over trim around rectum creating a bald appearance.

Maintenance Level: Moderate
Schedule: 6 Weeks
Sanitary Type: Stomach, Around Rectum and Underside Base of Tail



Breeds with short coat types typically do not require sanitary clippering due to length of coat on stomach, around rectal area and under tail. Care of sanitary on breeds with smooth, medium smooth and Nordic coat types may require trimming on stomach and around rectum. Breeds with medium long, rough and rough Nordic have longer coat that may be trimmed to prevent matting and to create well groomed appearance.


Focus when prepping coat before bath, on rough Nordic coat types for a pet trim is to remove as much undercoat as possible. For a show trim, focus on leaving as much undercoat as possible to create volume for proper profile and optimum coat appearance and texture.

With the massive amount of undercoat on breeds with rough, rough Nordic and medium long coat types, check for severe packing of coat, especially areas with longer furnishings. Packed coat is and should be removed during all phases except for the finishing phase. Coat should be clean, dry and brushed for the finishing phase. Reference the bathing, drying and brushing phases to find out more about how to remove packed coat during these phases.

Determined Coat Packs - Undetermined Coat Matts
Dogs with rough, rough Nordic and medium long coat types have determined coat growth. Coat grows to a specific length, determined by individual breed, and then falls out of hair follicle. Hair is dead and becomes unattached and is trapped with live coat due to the rough texture and after a period of time becomes packed. Packed coat is a combination of live and dead coat.

Prepping Coat Procedures
Option 1
Remove Packed Coat During Prepping Phase
To remove dead coat that is packed with live undercoat and topcoat on rough, Nordic rough and medium long coat types, during prepping phase, dematting products are applied before brushing begins. Undercoat rakes are used on areas to break up packed coat and slicker brushes are used with line brushing techniques to remove as much of packed coat as possible before bath.

Option 2
Remove Packed Coat During Bathing, Drying and Brushing Phase
To remove packed coat during bathing phase, apply conditioning products to coat and use high velocity dryer to work product to skin. Use warm water to wet coat thoroughly and brush using rakes and slicker brushes to remove loose coat before the shampoo.

Coat Prep Depends On Bathing, Grooming and Styling Schedule
Many breeds with these coat types require extensive coat prepping before or during bath if dog is not on a regular brushing, bathing, grooming and styling schedule due to longer coat on ears, upper and lower apron, skirt, trousers and tail. If breeds with these coat types are on weekly brushing schedules, 4 week bathing schedules and 6 week grooming and styling schedules, typically there is no need to prepare coat before bathing phase.

Brushing Coat Before the Bath
Dogs on schedules for their coat types do not require brushing before bath, however, many professionals believe they achieve the best results when coat is thoroughly brushed and combed and free of any tangles or matting.


Check Coat for Matting
Check longer coat for tight matts that are close to skin that should be removed before bathing and drying phase. Tight matts close to skin can be removed using a clippering technique with #10 or #15 blade. To prevent shaved appearance, soak matt with heavy conditioning products during bathing procedure and then use high velocity dryer to blow matt away from skin to safely remove with thinning shears. This method will leave enough coat to blend into longer coat. Do not attempt to pull tight matts away from skin and cut out with thinners or scissors. This is a common mistake made by many groomers and pet owners. When tight matt is pulled, it also pulls skin with matt.

Breeds with the short, smooth, medium smooth and Nordic typically require no coat prepping before the bath. Medium long, rough and rough Nordic coat types require much more coat prepping due to the length of coat and the massive amount of undercoat, especially dogs not on a regular bathing, grooming and styling schedule.

Coat Removal Before Bath: Remove Packed Coat - Determined by condition of coat and bathing, grooming and styling schedule.
Pet Grooming Training