The care of the eyes on breeds with tight curly coat types are the same for the pet and show trim, and is considered moderate due to length of coat around eye area, especially for breeds with large, protruding eyes or breeds with eye disorders.
The tearing collects dirt and clings to coat and if not removed, dries and becomes crusty. Skin can also become irritated. Use a tearless shampoo or warm water to soften and remove crusted tearing from corner of eye area using a medium tooth comb, with lay of coat. Cleaning schedule is determined by amount of coat left on brow and muzzle and severity of eye disorder.
New Hair Growth
Many breeds with curly coat types require eye and stop area trimmed to create correct head style. When coat begins to grow it can scratch eyes causing excessive tearing due to eye irritation. Breeds with curly coats must have coat trimmed on a regular schedule to maintain healthy eyes.
Eye Care Procedure
Use a soft cloth with a mild shampoo to remove tearing and to clean the skin and coat around the upper and lower eyelids, corner of eyes, stop area and upper muzzle. Use a damp cloth with a waterless shampoo on a dog that is head shy. If the dog has wrinkles, spread the skin to smooth out the wrinkle to clean, rinse and dry the area properly.
Care of eyes on breeds with loose curly, tight curly, broken, scruffy and tight wire coat types require more time and maintenance than breeds with short, smooth, medium smooth, Nordic, rough, rough Nordic, medium long, sporting and sporting saddle due to amount of coat around eye area.
Maintenance Level: Moderate
Erect Type Ears
Care of ears on breeds with loose curly coat types, with erect ears, is the same for pet and show trim, and at a maximum due to amount of coat on ear. Erect ear allows for excellent ventilation and sparse hair in ear canal acts as filtering system. Erect ears that have excessive coat in ear canal, hair can be removed to create ventilation to prevent ear infections and to achieve correct head trim style.
Trimming During the Finishing Phase
Curly coat types with erect ears can require removing longer coat to create correct ear shape, trim style and expression. Longer coat is trimmed using clippering, scissoring and thinning techniques to create correct ear trim style.
Trimming Tips of Ear Leather during Finishing Phase
Trimming tips of ear leather to remove coat to create specific trim style is required on curly coat types. Clippering techniques are used to remove coat on topside and underside of ear leather. Edges are trimmed with clippers or scissors to create sharp lines.
Drop Type Ears
Care of ears on breeds with loose curly coat types, with drop ears, require a more frequent ear cleaning schedule to keep ears smelling fresh and to prevent ear infections due to type of ear (drop) and lack of ventilation that keeps ear canal moist, creating an environment for odors and bacteria to grow.
Trimming Ventilation Strip During Finishing Phase
Trimming longer coat in front of ear canal on breeds with drop ears creates better ventilation and helps eliminate a moist environment in which bacteria can grow. Keeping ears well ventilated also eliminates odor caused by lack of ventilation. Before trimming ventilation strip check breed standard. For the pet trim, preventing ear infections and eliminating odor is typically the first choice for the pet family.
Trimming Coat on Topside and Underside of Ear
Trimming coat on ears to appear shorter following contour of ear leather is required on some breeds to enhance or correct shape of ear to achieve the ultimate expression. Clippering, thinning and scissoring techniques are used to achieve the proper ear trim style for the individual breed.
Trimming Coat on Upper Portion of Ear Leather on Topside and Underside
Trimming the coat from the upper portion of the ear leather on topside and underside to appear shaved or short coated is the signature look for show and pet trims. Clippering techniques are used to remove coat. Ear leather is trimmed short to jawline leaving longer coat on the lower half.
Excessive coat in ear canal can cause hearing loss. If there is too much coat to remove in one session, remove as much as dog will tolerate and set weekly schedules until ear canal is free of packed coat. Established a schedule that is most compassionate t for the individual dog.
Ear Infections and Odors
Hair is plucked from ear canal to prevent infection and odor caused by build up of hair that prevents ventilation that keeps area damp and difficult to keep clean.
Ear Care Procedure
Use a cotton ball soaked with ear cleaning solution to swab ear canal and area around canal, including underside of ear leather.
Maintenance Level: Moderate
Time Frame:Every 6 weeks
Ear Canal Hair Removal: Yes
Ventilation Strip: Drop Ears - Yes
Erect Ears - No
Care of ears on breeds with short, smooth, medium smooth and Nordic coat types are the same and require same amount of time and maintenance. Care of ears on breeds with rough and rough Nordic coat types takes more time due to slightly longer coat. Care of ears on breeds with medium long coat types takes more time than rough and rough Nordic due to trimming and styling. Care of ears on broken, scruffy and tight wire coat types require about the same amount of time and maintenance as medium long coat types. Care of ears on curly coat types are similar to medium long and tight wire coat types due to excessive coat on ears and in the ear canal.
Care of the feet on breeds with tight curly coat types is at a maximum due to the continuos hair growth. Coat is trimmed on foot to maintain length, proper trim style and to prevent matting especially in pads.
There are different types of trim styles for dogs with curly coat types. Reference breed standards to verify the type of trim style.
Foot Care Procedures
Coat is trimmed utilizing clippering, scissoring and thinning techniques. Coat may be trimmed on top of foot, around edge to create a bevel, from pads and coat that grows over pads and sometimes between toes to maintain length, create proper foot type, correct style and prevent matting. Coat is also removed to prevent debris from gathering and to create secure movement for dog, especially on slick surfaces.
Maintenance Level: Maximum
Time Frame: Every 6 weeks
Hair Removal Between Pads: Yes
Hair Removal Over Pads:
Care of sanitary on breeds with curly coat types require trimming stomach, around rectal area and on underside of tail at base to create proper profile. Breeds with the long legged terrier trim style require upper, inner thigh muscle to be trimmed to achieve the correct profile.
For the pet, trimming stomach and underside of tail at base and around rectum prevents stains, odors and fecal matter sticking to longer hair, especially when the tail is tucked. Clippering techniques are used to remove coat, with lay, to prevent irritating skin.
Maintenance Level: Maximum
Time Frame: Every 6 weeks
Sanitary Type: Stomach, Around Rectum and Underside Base of Tail
Breeds with the short coat types typically do not require a sanitary clippering due to the length of the coat on the stomach, around the rectal area and under the tail. The care of the sanitary on the breeds with the smooth, medium smooth and Nordic coat types may require trimming the coat on the stomach and around the rectum. Breeds with rough and rough Nordic have much longer coat that must be trimmed to prevent matting, and to create overall well groomed appearance. Sporting and sporting saddle coat types have long coat on stomach area that should be trimmed to prevent matting, however, some breed standards state coat should appear natural. Trimming stomach is the best option for pet trims. Broken, scruffy and tight wire coat types as well as the loose and tight curly coat types require sanitary trimming to prevent long coat from matting and to achieve the overall well groomed appearance.
Prepping to remove excessive coat is the secret when working with curly coat types to achieve excellent time management and optimum results for pet and show trims. The objective is to remove coat not required for trim style to prevent bathing, drying and brushing extra coat. Dogs on a 4 - 6 week schedule typically do not require pre clippering.
Friction areas behind ears and under tail should be checked for matting. Tight matts should be removed before bath during prepping phase. Clippered areas should be monitored to prevent dog from scratching with fresh clipped toenails causing severe skin irritation.
Coat should be checked and brushed if necessary. If coat is not brushed during prepping phase, it can be brushed during drying and completed in the brushing phase to prepare coat type for finishing.
Coat Removal Primary (before the bath): Scissoring/Clippering