Dog Breed Info

Prep Phase


The care of the eyes on breeds with loose curly coat types are the same for the pet and show trim, and is considered moderate due to length of coat around eye area, especially for breeds with large, protruding eyes or breeds with eye disorders.

Removing Tearing
The tearing collects dirt and clings to coat and if not removed, dries and becomes crusty. Skin can also become irritated. Use a tearless shampoo or warm water to soften and remove crusted tearing from corner of eye area using a medium tooth comb, with lay of coat. Cleaning schedule is determined by amount of coat left on brow and muzzle and severity of eye disorder.

New Hair Growth
Many breeds with curly coat types require eye and stop area trimmed to create correct head style. When coat begins to grow it can scratch eyes causing excessie tearing due to eye irritation. Breeds with curly coats must have coat trimmed on a regular schedule to maintain healthy eyes.

Eye Care Procedure
Use a soft cloth with a mild shampoo to remove tearing and to clean the skin and coat around the upper and lower eyelids, corner of eyes, stop area and upper muzzle. Use a damp cloth with a waterless shampoo on a dog that is head shy. If the dog has wrinkles, spread the skin to smooth out the wrinkle to clean, rinse and dry the area properly.


Care of eyes on breeds with loose curly, tight curly, broken, scruffy and tight wire coat types require more time and maintenance than breeds with short, smooth, medium smooth, Nordic, rough, rough Nordic, medium long, sporting and sporting saddle due to amount of coat around eye area.

Maintenance Level: Moderate
Schedule: Weekly


Erect Type Ears
Care of ears on breeds with loose curly coat types, with erect ears, is the same for pet and show trim, and at a maximum due to amount of coat on ear. Erect ear allows for excellent ventilation and sparse hair in ear canal acts as filtering system. Erect ears that have excessive coat in ear canal, hair can be removed to create ventilation to prevent ear infections and to achieve correct head trim style.


Trimming During the Finishing Phase
Curly coat types with erect ears can require removing longer coat to create correct ear shape, trim style and expression. Longer coat is trimmed using clippering, scissoring and thinning techniques to create correct ear trim style.

Trimming Tips of Ear Leather during Finishing Phase
Trimming tips of ear leather to remove coat to create specific trim style is required on curly coat types. Clippering techniques are used to remove coat on topside and underside of ear leather. Edges are trimmed with clippers or scissors to create sharp lines.

Drop Type Ears
Care of ears on breeds with loose curly coat types, with drop ears, require a more frequent ear cleaning schedule to keep ears smelling fresh and to prevent ear infections due to type of ear (drop) and lack of ventilation that keeps ear canal moist, creating an environment for odors and bacteria to grow.


Trimming Ventilation Strip During Finishing Phase
Trimming longer coat in front of ear canal on breeds with drop ears creates better ventilation and helps eliminate a moist environment in which bacteria can grow. Keeping ears well ventilated also eliminates odor caused by lack of ventilation. Before trimming ventilation strip check breed standard. For the pet trim, preventing ear infections and eliminating odor is typically the first choice for the pet family.

Trimming Coat on Topside and Underside of Ear
Trimming coat on ears to appear shorter following contour of ear leather is required on some breeds to enhance or correct shape of ear to achieve the ultimate expression. Clippering, thinning and scissoring techniques are used to achieve the proper ear trim style for the individual breed.


Trimming Coat on Upper Portion of Ear Leather on Topside and Underside
Trimming the coat from the upper portion of the ear leather on topside and underside to appear shaved or short coated is the signature look for show and pet trims. Clippering techniques are used to remove coat. Ear leather is trimmed short to jawline leaving longer coat on the lower half.

Hearing Loss
Excessive coat in ear canal can cause hearing loss. If there is too much coat to remove in one session, remove as much as dog will tolerate and set weekly schedules until ear canal is free of packed coat. Established a schedule that is most compassionate t for the individual dog.

Ear Infections and Odors
Hair is plucked from ear canal to prevent infection and odor caused by build up of hair that prevents ventilation that keeps area damp and difficult to keep clean.

Ear Care Procedure
Use a cotton ball soaked with ear cleaning solution to swab ear canal and area around canal, including underside of ear leather.


Maintenance Level: Moderate
Time Frame:Every 6 weeks
Ear Canal Hair Removal: Yes
Ventilation Strip: Drop Ears - Yes
Erect Ears - No


Care of ears on breeds with short, smooth, medium smooth and Nordic coat types are the same and require same amount of time and maintenance. Care of ears on breeds with rough and rough Nordic coat types takes more time due to slightly longer coat. Care of ears on breeds with medium long coat types takes more time than rough and rough Nordic due to trimming and styling. Care of ears on broken, scruffy and tight wire coat types require about the same amount of time and maintenance as medium long coat types. Care of ears on curly coat types are similar to medium long and tight wire coat types due to excessive coat on ears and in the ear canal.

Foot Care
Breeds with the loose curly, just like the tight curly coat type have undetermined hair growth meaning that it continuous to grow on the feet, between the pads and between the toes and must be removed by artificial means utilizing clippering, scissoring or thinning techniques or a combination whether you are creating a show or a pet trim to ensure traction. If this coat is not trimmed, the hair continuous to grow covering the bottom of the feet making it impossible for the dog to safely maneuver on slick surfaces.

On a loose curly, the same on the tight curly, the coat must be trimmed between the pads and toes on a regular schedule, the hair matts causing skin irritation and often times lameness by not allowing the dog to move properly on his/her feet.

If this coat type does not receive a clippered foot such as the Portuguese Water Dog in the lion trim style, and the hair is left between the toes to help create the beveled foot trim style, like what you see on the Kerry Blue, it must be brushed along with the rest of the coat to prevent it from matting. After the coat matts in this area, it is very difficult on the dog to brush out. The best option is to utilize your clippers with a #40 blade so that you can very carefully trim the mat out without creating a short coated appearance.

For the average pet, the coat is clippered between the pads using a #10 #15 to a #40 blade depending upon the skin sensitivity and the condition of the coat along with the color of coat.

For the show trim, clippering the hair from between the pads is breed specific and optional. If the coat is left it can assist in that it protects the foot or it can hinder the well being of the pet. The excessive coat between the pads and around the foot can collect pebbles, burrs, and other objects that can cause skin irritations to the pads and the skin between the pads. During the winter months, the excessive coat can help protect the bottom of the foot, however, the coat can also collect snow and ice along with other chemicals used to melt the snow and ice.


Maintenance Level: Moderate

Time Frame: Every 6 weeks

Hair Removal Between Pads: Yes

Hair Removal Over Pads:

Sanitary Area
Breeds with a loose curly, the same as the tight curly coat type whether you are creating a show or a pet trim, typically require a sanitary clippering to remove this excessive coat growth that will continue to grow if not trimmed.

The only technique to use to remove this coat type is the clippering technique whether you are preparing the dog for the show ring or for a pet. A #10 or #15 blade should remove the coat without irritating the skin on most coat types and would be the choice especially on a pet. The clippering technique can be utilized with and against allowing for a thorough removal of the coat creating a nice, clean, clippered area.

Just "clearing" around the rectum and under the base of the tail to prevent fecal matter from sticking to the coat is important with this coat type. Trimming the stomach area including the groin is also required to prevent matting in these areas.

Avoid using scissoring and thinning techniques on the stomach area.

If the area under the tail and around the rectal area is clippered including the stomach and groin area, the new hair growth can feel like little pins causing the dog to lick and chew, especially if it is the first time the sanitary has been clippered.

Each time the dog moves the new hair growth pricks the skin in these friction areas causing the dog to constantly lick and bite if the dog attempts to walk or move his/her tail. This constant chewing and licking can cause severe skin irritations causing the dog to have to be monitored for days until this area heals.

The dog often times scoot on the floor to get relief causing additional skin irritation. If the dogs scoots on carpet, it can result in a severe rug burn taking additional days and constant monitoring for the skin irritation to heal.

After clippering this area, check for any signs of redness especially on a dog that has never had the sanitary trimmed.

Take care that the blade does not get too hot causing the same type of skin irritation and symptoms. Many times, it is safest to apply a medicated ointment on these areas until the skin is conditioned by clippering.


Maintenance Level: Moderate
Time Frame: Every 6 weeks
Sanitary Type: Stomach, Around Rectum and Underside Base of Tail

Coat Preparation and Coat Removal
Prepping to remove excessive coat is everything when working with the loose curly, the same as the tight curly coat types.

Typically with this coat type, the same as the tight, and whether you are preparing the dog for the show ring or for a pet trim, trimming to remove the excessive length of coat that is not required to create the proper breed profile is started in the prepping phase to prevent having to bath, dry and brush this excessive coat. The same procedures are repeated in the finishing phase.

For the average pet with this coat type, in a body contour trim style, the coat is easily maintained by the pet family with a 4 - 6 week grooming schedule. With the more stylized trims, the schedule may require a 3 - 4 week time frame depending upon how much brushing is accomplished between styling sessions by the pet family.


In the case of a clippered style you should pre-clipper the parts that need to be clipped. The remaining longer parts should be brushed and combed prior to the bath to insure that there are no mats left behind in the coat.


With this coat type the main focus is to insure that the dog is bathed without mats and as little coat as possible.


Coat Removal Primary (before the bath): Clippering; scissoring; thinning
Pet Grooming Training