Dog Breed Info

General Policies and Procedures for All Coat Types



Large Protruding Eyes on All Coat Types
Larger eyes collect more debris, which causes more tearing that requires more maintenance. Breeds with larger eyes are often times brachycephalic, which means having pushed in or flat faces, which indicates dog has wrinkles directly under inside corner of eye. Wrinkles or crevices allow tearing to collect, causing area to stay moist and allows for odor and bacteria to grow. Area must be cleaned and dried often, sometimes daily, to properly maintain eye area on dogs with these characteristics.


Erect Type Ears on All Coat Types
Care of ears on breeds with all coat types, with erect ears, is the same for show and pet trims, and at a minimum due to structure of ear. The erect ear allows for excellent ventilation and the sparse hair acts as a filtering system.

Drop Type Ears
Care of ears on breeds with all coat types with drop ears can require a more frequent ear cleaning schedule to keep the ears smelling fresh and to prevent ear infections due to type of ear (drop) and lack of ventilation that can keep ear canal moist, creating an environment for bacteria to grow.


All Coat Types - Weather
Feet must be monitored during severe weather on breeds on all coat types. Dogs with short coat on feet must be checked for irritation to pads and skin between pads due to lack of coat to protect foot. The same monitoring applies for dogs exposed to hot surfaces, such as blacktop, over a long period of time with no coat to protect the pads. Breeds with long coat on feet and in pads must also be checked to insure products used to melt snow and ice do not collect on feet.


All Coat Types - Environment
Breeds with short coat on feet that are exposed to rough terrain should be checked after such activities to insure thorns, burrs or other objects are not stuck between pads or skin is not irritated due to sharp objects found in this type of environment.
Breeds with long coat should be checked to insure thorns, burrs or other objects are not stuck in coat on the foot or between pads.

Inside Pets - Foot Trim Styles - All Coat Types
To create cleanest pawprints to prevent tracking mud and debris in house, trim coat short in pads, coat that grows over pads and around edge of foot. For senior pets and for dogs with back and hip disorders, it is the best choice.

Outside Pets - All Coat Types
Pets left outside during cold weather should have enough coat on head, body, legs and feet for protection. Longer coat is trimmed on top of foot, around edge and on underside to prevent snow and ice from gathering but long enough to protect foot from the elements.

Prevent Matting - All Medium and Long Coat Types
Trimming coat between toes and pads prevents matts in these areas. Matts can cause skin irritation due to constant moisture and cause the foot to splay. Dogs also chew at their feet in an effort to remove matts which creates odors, damages and stains the coat.


Show Trim Styles - All Coat Types
Reference breed standard when trimming the foot for show trims. Some breed standards require foot to appear natural with no signs of trimming and other standards require coat between toes and pads for protection in rough terrain. If the foot is trimmed, almost all standards require foot to appear as though coat grew that way naturally.


Choose the Correct Trimming Procedure - All Coat Types
There are 6 trimming sections or areas on the foot that is trimmed to acheive various styles. It is important to understand the difference to prevent over trimming. For example, when creating naturally smooth coated appearanance on feet on dogs with sporting coat types, coat is left between toes.

Trim coat on top of foot.
Trim coat around edge of foot.
Trim coat around edge of foot to create a bevel.
Trim coat in pads.
Trim coat that grows over pads.
Trim coat that gros between toes.


Clippering the Sanitary - All Coat Types
When stomach, around rectum and underside of tail are clippered, new hair growth can feel like little pins, especially on breeds with shorter coat types, causing dog to lick and chew trimmed areas. Each time tail is moved, new hair growth pricks underside causing dog to constantly lick and bite. If dog attempts to walk short coat sticks and causes dog to sit and scoot rear on floor, causing severe skin irritation similar to a rug burn. If sanitary areas are clippered, apply a medicated ointment or coat conditioner to soften new coat growth.

Show Trims - All Coat Types
Check breed standard before trimming the sanitary for show trims. Many breed standards state no trimming permitted and other standards require specific areas to be trimmed.


Removing Shedding Coat - All Determined Coat Types
It is easier, more efficient and safer to remove shedding coat on determined coat types in bathing station rather than during prep or during drying process to prevent hair and debris floating in air that is easily inhaled. Alternative methods is to use brushing tools with a vacuum attachment during prepping phase.

Requirements: Safety Glasses and Mask

Removing Matted Coat - Undetermined Coat Types
It is easier and more efficient to remove matts in undetermined coat types during prepping phase. Tight matts should be removed before bath because it is impossible to penetrate the matt and get the coat clean. It also makes no senses to shampoo coat this is going to be removed. Tight matts are removed with clippers rather than scissors. rather than brushing.

Shave Matts
The tight matting occurs in friction areas such as behind the ears, armpits and under the tail. Never attempt to trim the matting using thinning shears or scissors. Always use a clippering technique to remove the matts and always use a close tooth blade such as a #10 or #15. The clippered area may appear shaved using this method.
Pet Grooming Training