Dog Breed Info

Dryers Introduction

The canine hair dryer, a multi-purpose tool in the grooming salon, is designed not only to dry the coat but also to assist in de-matting and removing undercoat. There are many dryer types, but beneath the draping of steel and aluminum, mechanically, there are only two key distinguishing features:
Dryer with a heating element
Dryer without a heating element
Amount of Air Flow
Another feature that determines dryer use in the salon is the amount of air flow. The size and type of motor play a major role in the amount of air flow; however, the method used to distribute the air actually determines the force of air flow.
Dryer Designs
There are basically four designs in dryers. When creating the ultimate drying area, a salon should have all four to accommodate each and every pet:
A high velocity dryer that is available with or without a heating element.
A floor stand dryer that is available with or without a heating element.
A kennel dryer that is available with or without a heating element.
A hand dryer that is available with a heating element.
Drying Methods
There are five basic methods used when drying the canine coat. The method used on the pet is determined by the length of coat and type of coat. The temperament and physical condition of the pet also determines the type of drying method. A combination of two or more methods is often used.
Towel Drying
The towel drying method is using a towel to remove excess water from the coat, and is the first step in drying any dog after bathing.
High Velocity Drying
The high velocity drying method is a quick drying method that is used to blow off excessive water and blow out loose coat and matting.
Brush Drying
The brush drying method combines the heat and gentle airflow of a freestanding dryer with a special brushing technique, to straighten, fluff and add texture to any type of coat. This drying method has been used for many years in salons and in the show ring and remains a favorite technique for many professionals. This method, with the combination of the heat and brushing, creates a drying finish like no other.
The sacking method is a procedure that is used on many of the sporting breeds, such as setters and spaniels, in which the body of the dog is wrapped with a towel after bathing in order to keep the coat flat.
Kennel Drying
The kennel drying method is used when the dog is placed in a kennel to be dried rather than being dried by hand.


Visual Example

Professional Image

Due to the nature of the drying equipment, safety is the professional’s foremost concern. Pets are killed every day in salons due to improper technique, improper equipment and lack of safety policies in the drying area. Understanding the different types of dryers and how they work, using proper techniques and adhering to safety policies will assist the professional in preventing drying-related accidents in the salon.

Dryers with Heating Elements
Heating element dryers are constructed with a motor and fan. The fan blows air past a heating element. Various models have features such as adjustable fan speeds and temperature controls. The dryer design with adjustable fan speed and temperature control is the safest and most compassionate because it allows you to adjust the amount of air flow and temperature used on the pet. The professional uses a dryer with a heating element to straighten the coat during the drying process. The warm air flow coupled with the proper brushing technique allows the coat to be dried very straight.

The professional who uses a dryer with a heating element must monitor the temperature of the dryer at all times. Test the temperature frequently by placing the underside of your wrist at approximately the same distance
that you would place the dryer from the dog
. To prevent irritating the skin when applying the air flow directly to the coat using the brush drying method, avoid over drying and brushing on one area. Monitor the appearance of the skin, always watching for any signs of skin irritation
. To prevent overheating a dog in a kennel when using a dryer with a heating element, a temperature control and timer must be used and the pet must be monitored at all times. Set timers for 5, 10 and 15 minute intervals, depending upon the physical condition of the pet and the reaction of the pet to the drying kennel. (
This is the most important safety rule in pet grooming. It is easy to lose track of time and forget you have a dryer on the pet in a kennel.)
Dryers without Heating Elements
The dryer without a heating element is designed to dry the coat with room temperature air flow. The dryer with the adjustable air flow, without a heating element, is the safest and most compassionate because it allows the professional to adjust the air flow used on the pet. A dryer without a heating element removes the risk of the actual dryer overheating the dog; however, the professional must monitor the room temperature at all times in the drying area. A dryer without a heating element will not blow cool air in a room that is 98 degrees! The professional must also evaluate the amount of air flow. The dryer must have a system for reducing the amount of air flow for safety. When drying a dog on the drying table with a high velocity dryer, caution must be used not to direct the air flow directly to the eyes, nose, ears and mouth. The force of air directed around the heart and kidney area can be very dangerous if too much air force is used. The size and physical condition of the pet must be taken into consideration when determining the amount of air flow to use. Drying pets with special needs with a high velocity air flow is not recommended.

High velocity dryers are organized in the bathing area next to the bathing station and the drying station. Kennel dryers rest on top of the kennels that are set up to dry pets in the kennel and stand dryers are used at each station or a stand dryer may be used to accommodate several drying tables.

Dryers are often times neglected when it comes to sanitation, especially the dryers with long hoses and the stand dryers where hair collects in the wheels and on the stand itself. Daily sanitation is necessary to maintain a clean and well kept appearance.

Time Management
The high velocity dryer is noted for its efficiency in drying the coat; however the dryer must be used at maximum air flow or it becomes just like the other dryers. In many cases, a stand dryer can be just as efficient if the high velocity cannot not be used at maximum air flow due to the age or size of the pet.

Check dryer cords and plugs for wear. Repair any frayed cords or broken plugs. Kennel drying units are plugged in and stay that way until the dryer is moved or maintained, while other dryers may be moved around in the drying area daily. Cords, plugs and switches break easily if they are handled carelessly. Use your hand to switch the unit on or off and unplug the unit with the plug head (not by pulling on the cord). Keep the dryer free from hair that accumulates on the intake. This must be cleaned during and after each drying session. Routine external cleaning of this area will increase the life of the dryer. Follow the manufacturer's instructions for cleaning the interior filters and replacing brushes. Inspect the basic working condition of the dryer before each use. The proper care and maintenance of dryers will result in years of reliable service.
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