Dog Breed Info

Prep Phase


Care of eyes on breeds with rough Nordic coat types are the same for pet and show trim, and at a minimum due to length of coat, except for specific breeds with large, protruding eyes or breeds with eye disorders.

Eye Care Procedure
Use a soft cloth with a mild shampoo to remove tearing and to clean the skin and coat around the upper and lower eyelids, corner of eyes, stop area and upper muzzle. Use a damp cloth with a waterless shampoo on a dog that is head shy. If the dog has wrinkles, spread the skin to smooth out the wrinkle to clean, rinse and dry the area properly.

Maintenance Level: Minimum
Schedule: Weekly


Care of the eyes on breeds with short, smooth, medium smooth. Nordic, rough Nordic, rough and medium long coat types are the same and require same amount of time and maintenance.


Erect Type Ears
Care of the ears on breeds with rough Nordic coat types, with erect ears, is the same for the pet and show trim, and at a minimum due to short hair on ear, lack of hair in ear canal and structure of ear. The erect ear allows for excellent ventilation and the sparse hair acts as a filtering system


Trimming During Finishing Phase
Rough Nordic coat types with erect ears have slightly longer coat on ears that require trimming to create correct ear shape and sharper lines to enhance expression and head silhouette. Longer coat is trimmed using hand plucking, clippering, scissoring and or thinning techniques to create sharp lines on edge of ear leather.

Drop Type Ears
Care of the ears on breeds with rough Nordic coat types, with drop ears, require a more frequent ear cleaning schedule to keep ears smelling fresh and to prevent ear infections due to type of ear (drop) and lack of ventilation that keeps ear canal moist, creating an environment for odors and bacteria to grow.


Trimming Ventilation Strip During Finishing Phase
Trimming longer coat in front of ear canal on breeds with drop ears creates better ventilation and helps eliminate a moist environment in which bacteria can grow. Keeping ears well ventilated also eliminates odor caused by lack of ventilation. Before trimming ventilation strip check breed standard. For the pet trim, preventing ear infections and eliminating odor is typically the first choice for the pet family.

Ear Care Procedure
Use a cotton ball soaked with ear cleaning solution to swab ear canal and area around canal, including underside of ear leather.


Maintenance Level: Minimum
Schedule: Weekly
Ear Canal Hair Removal: No
Ventilation Strip: No


Care of the ears on breeds with short, smooth, medium smooth and Nordic coat types are the same and require same amount of time and maintenance. Care of ears on breeds with rough and rough Nordic coat types takes more time due to longer coat.


Care of the feet on breeds with rough Nordic coat types may require trimming coat between pads, coat that grows over pads and around the edge of the foot. Coat between toes must be checked for matting.

Breed Standards
Reference breed standards to verify amount of trimming permitted on foot and hock area. For example, many breed standards allow trimming coat on top of foot, on edge of foot, hair that grows over pads, but require hair between pads to protect foot in severe weather and rough terrain.

Foot Care Procedures
Coat is trimmed utilizing clippering, scissoring and thinning techniques. Coat may be trimmed on top of foot, around edge, from pads and coat that grows over pads and sometimes between toes to maintain length, create proper foot type and prevent matting. Coat is removed to prevent debris from gathering and to create secure movement for dog, especially on slick surfaces.

Trimming pastern and hock area is required on many breeds to complete overall well groomed appearance and to show off structure of dog. Coat is trimmed to create a vertical, more defined, but natural line, showing no signs of trimming. For show trim check individual breed standards. For pet trim this completes the overall well groomed appearance and prevents tracking leaves and other debris in house making this a must for pet families with dogs with these coat type

Maintenance Level: Moderate
Schedule: Weekly - Check nails and bottom of feet, especially between the pads.
Hair Removal Top of Foot: Optional - 6 weeks
Hair Removal Edge of Feet: Yes
Hair Removal Over Pads: Yes
Hair Removal Between Pads: Optional - 6 weeks
Hair Removal Between Toes: Optional - 6 weeks


Care of feet on breeds with short, smooth, medium smooth and Nordic are at a minimum. Dogs with rough, rough Nordic and medium long coat types require trimming.


Care of sanitary on breeds with rough Nordic coat types typically require trimming stomach, around rectal area and on underside of tail at the base to create the proper profile.

Breed Standards

Check breed standard before clippering stomach. Many breed standards state dog must be shown in a natural state with no signs of artificial trimming. Longer coat on stomach is for protection during severe weather and in rough terrain. Trimming stomach area for pet trim prevents matting and creates an overall groomed appearance. Trimming also prevents stains and odors.

Sanitary Care Procedures
Coat is trimmed on stomach, around rectum and on underside of tail at base using clippering, thinning and scissoring techniques. Do not over trim around rectum creating a bald appearance.

Maintenance Level: Moderate
Schedule: 6 Weeks
Sanitary Type: Stomach, Around Rectum and Underside Base of Tail


Breeds with short coat types typically do not require sanitary clippering due to length of coat on stomach, around rectal area and under tail. Care of sanitary on breeds with smooth, medium smooth and Nordic coat types may require trimming on stomach and around rectum. Breeds with medium long, rough and rough Nordic have longer coat that may be trimmed to prevent matting and to create well groomed appearance.


Prepping coat before bath, on rough Nordic coat types for a pet trim is to remove as much undercoat as possible. For a show trim, focus on leaving as much undercoat as possible to create volume for proper profile and optimum coat appearance and texture.

With the massive amount of undercoat on breeds with rough, rough Nordic and medium long coat types, check for severe packing of coat, especially areas with longer furnishings. Packed coat is and should be removed during all phases except for the finishing phase. Coat should be clean, dry and brushed for the finishing phase. Reference the bathing, drying and brushing phases to find out more about how to remove packed coat during these phases.

Determined Coat Packs - Undetermined Coat Matts
Dogs with rough, rough Nordic and medium long coat types have determined coat growth. Coat grows to a specific length, determined by individual breed, and then falls out of hair follicle. Hair is dead and becomes unattached and is trapped with live coat due to the rough texture and after a period of time becomes packed. Packed coat is a combination of live and dead coat.

Prepping Coat Procedures
Option 1
Remove Packed Coat During Prepping Phase
To remove dead coat that is packed with live undercoat and topcoat on rough, Nordic rough and medium long coat types, during prepping phase, dematting products are applied before brushing begins. Undercoat rakes are used on areas to break up packed coat and slicker brushes are used with line brushing techniques to remove as much of packed coat as possible before bath.

Option 2
Remove Packed Coat During Bathing, Drying and Brushing Phase
To remove packed coat during bathing phase, apply conditioning products to coat and use high velocity dryer to work product to skin. Use warm water to wet coat thoroughly and brush using rakes and slicker brushes to remove loose coat before the shampoo.


Breeds with the short, smooth, medium smooth and Nordic typically require no coat prepping before the bath. Medium long, rough and rough Nordic coat types require much more coat prepping due to the length of coat and the massive amount of undercoat, especially dogs not on a regular bathing, grooming and styling schedule.

Coat Removal Before Bath: Remove Packed Coat - Determined by condition of coat and bathing, grooming and styling schedule.
Pet Grooming Training