Dog Breed Info

Drying

From the slick coat of the Doberman to the long and flowing coat of the Afghan, there is a specific technique to dry every coat type on man's best friend. The professional applies a medley of tools and techniques to the squeaky clean coat until every hair is dry and in place. The drying phase in the art of grooming and styling dogs is as important as the other phases because the professional cannot create that ultimate finish on man's best friend if the coat is not dried properly. You will discover that smooth coat types such as the Labrador Retriever do not require the same drying procedure and drying technique as the curly coat types such as the Bichon Frise and the Poodle. Drop coat types such as the Shih Tzu require a much different technique than the tight wire coats of the Wire Fox and Lakeland Terrier.

Get It Straight
The goal in the drying phase is not just to dry the coat on man's best friend and remove as much shedding hair and matts as possible during this phase, it is also to get the hair as straight as possible on many of the coat types. Of course, some coat types such as the short and smooth do not need this special attention because they come by it naturally.

Why is it so important to get the coat straight?
If the coat is not dried properly and ends up very curly or wavy, it is almost impossible to get a nice smooth finish on coat types like the tight and loose curly, the drop coats and many of the sporting coat types utilizing clippers, thinners and scissors. The reason that you are not able to achieve the ultimate finish that you want is because each time you comb the coat it will fall in a different direction because it was not dried straight. This makes the coat look uneven and makes the clipper blades leave tracks on the coat, besides taking you twice as long to finish the grooming and styling because of the condition of the coat due to being dried improperly.

A drop coated breed, such as the Shih Tzu, that is dried in a kennel, will not dry straight. The coat will be wavy and curly and each time the coat is combed or brushed it will lay in a different position, making it very difficult to create a cute expression. The same is true for a curly coated breeds like the Bichon and the Poodle. If this coat type is kennel dried, the coat will be very curly and impossible to brush straight. When the curly coated breed is dried very straight, the coat will remain straight when it is brushed and combed, making it much easier for the ultimate scissor finish. If left curly, frustrating minutes are used trying to achieve that smooth ultimate scissoring finish. The secret to the ultimate drying finish is to dry the coat from the base to the tip, making it as straight as possible. There are a few exceptions to the rule when drying curly coat types that are corded, such as the Komondor and Puli.

Dry With the Lay of Coat or Against the Lay of Coat
It is important for the professional to understand why certain coats are dried with the lay of coat and why others are dried against the lay of coat. Each coat type is different, and a working knowledge of coat types will help you when choosing the correct drying technique and the proper drying direction. For example, in order to achieve the ultimate finish, the coat must be dried properly. If a sporting breed such as the English Springer Spaniel is dried against the lay of the coat, the jacket coat will not lie flat and it will be impossible to achieve the proper finish called for by the breed standard. The professional would have to take a step back to the bathing tub, re-wet the dog and dry all over again. The same holds true for the wire coated types. If the jacket is dried against the lay of coat instead of with, the jacket will appear fluffy and it will be impossible to achieve a tight jacket appearance that hugs the contour of the dog's body.

Length of Coat
The length of coat will determine the type of drying technique used, the direction of the coat and also the distance that you must hold the dryer from the coat. For instance, a drop coated such as we see on a Maltese can get severely matted by being whipped around by the force of air from a high velocity dryer. Using the condenser cone at the proper distance to the coat is an art. When you understand what the force of air will do to the length of coat, you will be able to dry all lengths of coat to perfection.

Introducing the Dog to the Dryer
Always introduce the dryer to the dog by first turning the dryer on low, so that the dog becomes accustomed to the sound. Start at the rear of the pet, keeping the air flow turned down and close to the body. Allow the dog time to adjust to the sound and the pressure of the air flow as you massage the neck and shoulders with your hand that is holding the dog at the safety loop area. Remember to give the pet assurance and praise for accepting the drying method. As the dog begins to relax, gradually move up the rear legs to the body, and then to the shoulder and neck area.

Where
Breath freshener can be applied in the bathing station or on the grooming table.

Tools

Slicker Brush Pin Brush

Be Prepared for the Pet's Reaction
The professional must be prepared to react to the dog's reaction before introducing the dog to the dryer. The pet must be safely secured with a safety loop and the professional must have one hand on the dog. For the "first timer" pet, the sound of the dryer and the force of air can cause the pet to react in several ways. Remember the phrase "to flee or fight." The pet may attempt to leap off the table or out of the bathing station when the force of air makes contact with the dog's body. The sound of the dryer may also create a negative response from the pet. To prevent the dog from being startled, introduce the dryer slowly with lots of reassurance. Test the air flow and temperature. If possible, switch the air flow to the lowest setting, directing it away from the pet. Massage the dog's ears using a soft, reassuring tone. Apply the airflow beginning at the rear of the dog and gradually move forward, increasing the air flow as the pet begins to relax. Continue to praise the pet as he/she accepts the drying procedure.

* Pet injury and often times death occur in salons by dogs jumping out of the bathing station or off the drying table during the introduction to the dryer.

Introducing the Dryer to the Dog in the Kennel
The professional must be prepared to "react to the dogs reaction" when the dryer is turned on with a pet in the kennel. Dogs that have never been groomed can react to the force of air and to the sound of the dryer. If the dog cannot accept this situation, the dryer must be turned off and the pet removed from the kennel immediately. Place the pet in a different kennel in a different room or location. Something so simple as moving the dog from the immediate environment to a different environment often times helps the pet. The professional may choose to wrap a small pet in a towel and hold it in his/her arms and use calming tones and words continuously during this time to help calm the pet.

Procedure:
Towel Drying

Towel drying is a technique used on all dogs after they receive a bath in order to remove excessive water from the coat, and may be the only method used in some cases. Typically, additional drying techniques are used on most breeds. If the pet is a special need pets, the high velocity dryer is usually not used. The coat type, physical condition and temperament of the pet determines the next drying technique. The towel drying technique involves using a towel to remove excessive moisture immediately after the bath. The tool used to dry the coat can be a terry cloth towel or a moisture magnet. The type of tool that you use in your salon is your choice. The towel drying method is typically combined with another drying method.

Terry Cloth Towels Versus the Moisture Magnet - Which One Should You Choose?
A moisture magnet is a chamois-like towel that soaks up and retains more liquid than a terry cloth towel. In fact, it works best when it is wet. The moisture magnet is much easier than a terry towel to wring out, because it is not as bulky, not as heavy when wet, and can be used again and again (on the same dog) to pull the moisture from the coat. The material is very durable, stain resistant and lasts for many months with every day use. The moisture magnet can be washed and dried or it can be washed and left to dry. Some professionals, however, choose to use terry towels.

The towel or moisture magnet should be placed under the dog when on the drying table. The water that is blown off the coat is quickly absorbed, eliminating water on the drying area floor. The bottom of the feet are very difficult to dry, especially if the dog is standing in water on the drying table. Placing the dog on a towel or moisture magnet helps soak up the excess water and helps to dry the feet more efficiently. Using a towel or moisture magnet in your hand to hold the pet also creates a shield which absorbs the spray as the dryer blows the water out of the coat.

All pets should be dried immediately after the bath with a towel drying technique before using any other type of drying method. It is easier and much more efficient to dry the pet in the bathing station rather than moving a soaking wet dog to a drying table.

Towel Drying

  • Adjust the safety loop properly.
  • Secure the pet safely with one hand.
  • Massage dry with the lay of the coat depending upon the coat type.
  • Rub dry with and against the lay of coat depending upon the coat type.

Safety
Introduce the towel as a gentle massage type tool, rewarding the pet for accepting the bath. Begin at the head area taking care to wipe and blot around the eyes, ears, nose and mouth. Massage/rub the dog's neck, shoulders, body and legs with the towel. Continue massaging until as much moisture as possible has been removed from the coat. Whisper praise and reassurance during the process. When dogs are acclimated to the art of towel drying using a massage and rubbing type motion, they will welcome the opportunity to visit the drying station.

Monitor the pet during the beginning of this procedure to determine the temperament of the dog. Be prepared for a negative reaction or a playful gesture by the dog. Often times, the pet family has rubbed and scrubbed and played tug of war with the pet during these times and a playful reaction can be seen as an aggressive move. The professional must be prepared for such a reaction. Avoid rough and quick motions with the towel during the drying process. Never allow the dog to play tug-of-war with the towel.

High Velocity Drying
The rapid airflow of the high velocity dryer qualifies it as the most efficient drying tool in the salon. The dryer is adaptable to a variety of coat types and has numerous uses, including deshedding and loosening matted coats. To use this dryer responsibly, the professional must understand the impact of the air flow and take precautions to ensure the safety and well being of the pet. The rapid airflow must be handled cautiously and is potentially objectionable for small, weak or senior dogs. Emphasizing safety first, this procedure explores the various applications and techniques for responsible use of the high velocity dryer.

High velocity drying is a technique that can be used as the second step to remove excessive moisture from the coat after the first step of towel drying. After using this technique to remove excessive water, the professional may move on to another type of drying, however, this technique can also be used to finish dry the coat.

  • This technique works great on finish drying curly coat types such as the Poodle and the Bichon Frise because the force straightens the curly coats, making it much easier to quickly brush the coat after the drying procedure to get an excellent overall finish for scissoring, thinning or clippering.
  • High velocity drying can be used to dry breeds with the sporting coat type such as the Gordon and Irish Setter. The professional is able to efficiently and correctly dry the coat making it much easier to create a smooth, tight fitting jacket on the sporting breeds.
  • High velocity drying is an excellent technique for fluffing a specific area on the dog such as the mane and trousers on a Shetland Sheep Dog.
  • This technique is also used to help fluff the coat on Nordic and rough Nordic breeds such as the Norwegian Elkhound and the Pomeranian that have been kennel dried.
  • This drying technique allows you to force tight matts way from the skin so that you are able to leave the coat longer during the finishing phase.
  • High velocity drying is an excellent tool for deshedding. The force actually blows the loose coat out rather than you brushing it out.

How Fast is Too Fast
Often times, the groomer focuses on how fast he/she can dry a dog or how fast he/she can blow out undercoat and matting, and he/she simply forgets about what the dog goes through or what happens to the coat during the process. One of the greatest tools presented to our industry is the high velocity dryer, however if not used properly, it can be one of the most dangerous. The secret to using this drying method in a safe and compassionate manner is to utilize the entire design and turn the force dryer into a gentle giant. Adjusting the air flow constantly during the drying process is the key to being a master in the art of drying dogs utilizing a high velocity dryer.

How to Control the Air Flow

  • Adjustors - The high velocity dryers with adjustable air flow controls are the easiest to control the amount of air flow. Dryers with the dial adjuster are easier to use than dryers with one or two speeds and do not scare the dogs as much because it is the thrust of the air flow that startles many pets or the amount of air flow that is just too strong for some pets.
  • Condenser Cone - The air flow regulator is another method used to control the amount of air flow. The condenser cone is placed on the end of the hose of a high velocity dryer. Condenser cones come in different lengths and shapes. The longer shaped cones have the smaller opening at the end creating the strongest air flow. The shorter condenser cones have a larger opening, creating a softer air flow. Some condenser cones have an oval or rectangle shaped opening to prevent whipping the coat on the longer coat types.
  • Without a Condenser Cone - The high velocity dryer can also be used without the condenser cone creating an even softer air flow which is excellent to use around the head area and on pets with special needs, because you are able to efficiently work your way around the dog with the long hose. Select the appropriate condenser cone to adjust the air flow to accommodate the coat type, length of coat, size, age and medical condition of the dog. Brachycephalic breeds and all other breathing challenged pets are extremely sensitive to a strong airflow, especially when directed toward the face with the high velocity dryer. Serious injury can be caused if the dryer is used at high speed and is directed in the area of the head, neck, heart and kidney.
  • Distance - How close you hold the condenser cone or the end of the hose is another method to control the air flow. The closer you hold the condenser cone to the coat, the stronger the concentration of air flow will be to a specific area. The closer you hold the condenser cone, the smaller the area covered on the coat of the dog. The farther away you hold the condenser cone, the less force of air flow to a specific spot. The farther away you hold the condenser cone, the wider the area covered on the dog's coat.

Professional's Position when Using the High Velocity Dryer
Your position when drying the dog's coat to create the ultimate finish when using the high velocity dryer is critical to prevent drying the coat against the lay rather than with the lay of coat. Always stand at the front/side of the pet so that you are able to apply the air flow with the lay of coat at all times. If you stand at the side or toward the rear of the dog, even if you point the condenser cone toward the rear, with the lay of coat, you will still dry against the lay of coat or "fluff" the coat when it should be laying flat, hugging the contour of the body, especially on the jacket on sporting and wire coat types. If the coat type requires drying against the lay of coat on a specific area such as the mane on the Collie, step to the side/rear area and dry the coat forward, against the lay of coat, to accomplish this task. If you plan on drying the entire coat on the dog against the lay such as a tight curly coated breed like the Poodle, you would stand at the rear/side area and dry the coat toward the head.

Removing Water with the High Velocity Dryer
To remove the excessive water with the high velocity dryer immediately after bathing and towel drying the dog, always place the condenser cone at the rear of the dog and immediately work your way up to the shoulder area so that you can force the water off the dog with the lay of coat. One of the biggest mistakes that many professionals make is forcing the water upward toward the head area instead of backward and downward toward the rear and the feet and with the lay of coat. First of all if you force against the lay of coat, this "ruffles the feathers" or "ruffles the coat" because you are drying against the lay of coat. Second, you are throwing all the water upward toward the head, which will most likely frighten the dog. The easiest way to remember this basic concept is to think of a duck. If you were forcing excessive water off the back of a duck, you would force dry from the head to the tail, never from the tail to the head. This is true with many of the coat types, especially the ones with tight and smooth jackets. Even if you are just using this technique to remove the water and plan on going on to another technique, you have still fluffed the coat if you dry against the lay of the coat, making it harder to create that smooth or tight fitting jacket. Of course, if you are working on a tight curly coat type like the Bichon, you can start drying against the lay of coat toward the head, but take care because often times the mist that is forced from the coat, that is blown at the head, is what frightens the dog. Typically on tight curly coated breeds and other coat types that allow you to work with and against the lay of coat, you can start at the rear and work your way up quickly to the shoulder area to begin your drying procedure to prevent blowing water at the head area.

Procedure:
Pet's Position:
Standing
Professional's Position:
Front/Side

  • Gently secure the pet with one hand.
  • Turn dryer on, pointing the condenser cone away from the dog.
  • Secure the dog as you apply the force of air to the rear of the dog.
  • Always begin at the rear of the dog to introduce the dryer.
  • Bring the condenser cone to the front area of the dog as soon as possible and begin to dry.
  • Following the lay of the coat, work the moisture out of the coat by moving the airflow rapidly over the entire dog toward the rear and downward.
  • Pay particular attention to the feet, which are moisture collectors. Place the pet on a grate to better dry the feet.

After this procedure, you will either move on to another procedure or you will continue to use this technique to dry the dog.

Drying the Entire Coat with the High Velocity Dryer
When using the high velocity dryer to completely dry the coat in the drying phase, you must use a different technique than when you used it to remove the excessive water. When drying specific coat types such as the rough and Nordic rough, it is not as important that you focus on getting the coat dried as fast as possible to prevent the coat from waving or curling to the point that it will have to be dampened and dried again in order to achieve the proper finish. Breeds that have curly coats and loose curly coats and all the other coat types that are considered to have undetermined hair growth need to have the coat dried as quickly as possible because it will not brush out as straight as coat types with determined hair coat such as a Wire Fox Terrier. Coat types that are considered undetermined must be dried immediately and as efficiently as possible to be able to achieve a straight coat. Direct the condenser cone more towards the base of the coat, guiding the airflow two inches above the skin. If you are working on a longer coat and it begins to tangle, reduce the air volume and pull back away from the coat with the condenser cone. If you see that the coat still has a slight wave, place the condenser cone closer so that it straightens the coat. If you see an area that is starting to wave or curl, go to that area immediately to begin your drying if it is necessary to straighten this coat. Typically these are the shortest coated areas on the dog such as the head, ears and legs. You can use a brush to help straighten specific areas that begin to wave during this drying procedure if necessary. Dry one section of the dog at a time, being careful not to stay in one area for too long.

Procedure:
Pet's Position:
Standing
Professional's Position:
Front/Side

  • Gently secure the pet with one hand.
  • Turn dryer on, pointing the condenser cone away from the dog.
  • Secure the dog as you apply the force of air to the rear of the dog.
  • Praise the dog for accepting the dryer.
  • Always begin at the rear of the dog to introduce the dryer.
  • Bring the condenser cone to the front shoulder area of the dog as soon as possible and begin to dry.
  • Continue to praise the dog.
  • Follow the lay of the coat, working the short coated areas first if it is necessary to dry them straight.
  • If not, dry the coat in sections working the shortest coated areas to the longest coated areas on the dog.

Drying the Head with a High Velocity Dryer
It is very simple and much easier to dry the head with a force dryer rather than a stand dryer simply because of the long hose. When using the stand dryer, you must manipulate the arm of the dryer constantly so that the air flow reaches the right area. With the force dryer you are able to move around the head area with ease. Great care, however, must be taken not to use this dryer at full force. Direct the air flow away from the dog's head, protecting the eyes, ears, nose and mouth. Remove the condenser cone and adjust the air flow so that it does not frighten the dog. Continue to use soothing words and give the dog a reward by massaging the ears for allowing you to complete this task.

*Place cotton in the ears of dogs that react to the noise of the dryer.

Kennel Drying
Kennel Drying Using A Kennel Drying Unit or a Kennel with a Kennel Dryer Attached

Kennel drying is a unique method of drying the dog's coat while the pet is in a kennel. The professional places the dog in a thermostatically controlled kennel equipped with vents and blowers, or places a drying unit/dryer hose on the kennel door to dry the dog. The air circulates in all directions in a kennel dryer eliminating any control of drying the coat with or against the lay of coat. This note should help you determine which coats can and should be dried in the kennel.

Kennel drying the dog from start to finish is a method that can be used on certain coat types such as the short, smooth and Nordic coat types. The length of coat also determines whether the coat can be kennel dried. Dogs with short to medium length coats, such as the Doberman and the Austrian Cattle Dog can be dried using this technique. Dogs with curly coats, such as the Poodle, considered to have undetermined hair growth, cannot be kennel dried because the coat will dry too curly. Drop coated breeds such as the Maltese, also considered to have undetermined hair growth, should not be kennel dried because the coat will dry wavy and curly. Sporting type coats such as the Spaniels and the Setters must have the coat dried as straight as possible on their bodies and it should lay flat following the contour of their body, therefore eliminating kennel drying as the main drying method for this coat type. Rough and Nordic coated breeds such as the Collie can be towel dried, force dried and then placed in the kennel dryer to complete the drying because their coats can be dried with and against the lay of coat.

In general, short, smooth, medium smooth, medium long, rough, Nordic and rough Nordic are the best candidates for kennel drying along with the broken and scruffy wire coat types.

Kennel drying is another technique that can also be the third step to drying man's best friend. It can be used to partially dry the coat or it can be used to completely dry the coat, but first the professional must consider the overall health of the pet to determine if this drying technique is appropriate for this individual dog.

Monitoring
The professional must monitor the dog and the room temperature at all times. An individual may think that using the kennel dryer is more efficient than using the high velocity dryer or the stand dryer because it allows the professional to work on other dogs. Kennel drying requires preparation, observation, and adherence to safety policies to ensure that the dog is comfortable and safe throughout the process. While kennel drying does not require hands on during the drying time, it does require constant monitoring. Kennel dryers should be placed in an area that is easily monitored. Unlike towel drying, brush drying or high velocity drying, kennel drying is not a technique that requires the professional to have hands on. The procedure is therefore linked to a series of guidelines designed to protect the well being of man's best friend. Due to the nature of kennel drying, special consideration should be given to the history of each dog before selecting kennel drying as an option. If the dog has temperament or physical problems such as those described below, consider a different drying method.

Exception to the rule pets that are kennel shy, or dogs that become stressed when placed in a kennel, should not be kennel dried.

Dogs that are breathing challenged should have the dryer temperature on slightly warm and the flow of air should be set for a very gentle flow. A light air flow can be relaxing, actually helping the pet stay comfortable and calm.

The kennel drying technique can be a compassionate means of drying pets with special needs if proper safety procedures are followed. Pets that are not able to stand for a long period of time, overweight dogs, and dogs that are afraid of the other drying methods can be kennel dried. All safety gear must be removed and the pet must be monitored at all times. Monitor the drying room temperature and the temperature of the unit at all times. Always use a timer when kennel drying. Set the timer for 5 minute, 10 minute or 15 minute increments depending upon the coat length, coat type and the individual dog. If a second session is needed, observe the pet before resetting the timer. If the dog shows any signs of stress, discontinue the dryer technique.

*Heat exhaustion or severe stress can occur during kennel drying. If the dog appears to be ill, stressed, lethargic or unresponsive, remove the pet from the kennel immediately. If the pet does not become responsive, take the pet to a veterinarian immediately! The professional must take great care to prevent the pet from overheating in a dryer. Pet death often times occurs in salons by improper use of the kennel dryer or lack of monitoring the pet when drying in a kennel dryer.

Kennel Drying Procedures:

  • Welcome the dog to the kennel unit with praise and enthusiasm.
  • Fill the water bowl.
  • Set timer for 5 minutes - 10 minutes - 15 minutes.
  • Turn dryer on.
  • Check timer.
  • Check temperature.
  • Observe the dog for several minutes to make sure the pet has adjusted to the airflow before stepping away.
  • Monitor the pet during the entire drying process.
  • Time Check - Check the dog and the coat at the end of the 5 minute - 10 minute - 15 minutes.
  • With a gentle expression and tone, praise the pet for being a good dog as you check the coat.
  • Encourage the pet to "stay" as you open the kennel door. Teach the pet how to behave in a salon setting.
  • Continue to praise the pet using an open hand to check the coat.

If the dog is dry:
  • Slip a safety loop or a kennel lead on the dog.
  • Offer reassurance and lots of praise as you encourage the dog to come out of the kennel.

Depending upon the coat type:
You may choose to remove the pet and transfer the dog to the drying table to finish the drying procedure with a brush drying technique or you may choose to use the high velocity dryer to lift or straighten the coat that has been partially kennel dried.

If the dog needs more drying time
Praise the dog for staying, check the temperature and set the timer.

Brush Drying - Fluffing the Coat
The art of brush drying combines the heat and gentle airflow of a freestanding dryer with a special brushing technique, to straighten, fluff and add texture to certain types of coats. This drying technique has been used for many years in the salons and in the conformation and grooming contest ring. It is still used and remains a favorite of many of the competitors. The combination of the heat and brushing creates a drying finish like no other. The professional brushes the coat where the air flows until the coat is completely dry. You must brush from the base of the hair to the tip of the hair using rapid but precise strokes. Because the stand dryer frees the professional's hands, the brush drying technique is the right choice for pets with special needs. Brush drying also creates the best finish on long and flowing coats if the correct brush is used. The regulated airflow along with the rapid brushing strokes separates each strand removing all wave and curl. As the coat dries, it will begin to separate, allowing the professional to notice any small matts or tangles. Brush out as many as possible, avoiding pulling and stretching the coat. Wait until the brushing phase, if necessary, to use thinners or other types of dematting tools to assist in breaking up the matts rather than breaking the coat off by pulling and stretching to brush the matts out. The direction that you brush the coat depends upon the coat type. The basic rule of thumb to follow is always brush with the lay of coat unless you want to fluff the coat and then you brush against the lay or toward the head area. Brush drying is a technique that is typically the third step in a series of drying techniques when drying a curly coat type such as the Poodle or Bichon. The coat is first towel dried, then force dried to remove excessive water and then brush dried to straighten the coat. The coat type and individual pet determine the type of brush you will use.

Brush Drying Procedures

  • Place a moisture magnet on the drying table for the pet to stand on to absorb excessive moisture from the feet.
  • Adjust the safety loop properly.
  • Secure the pet with one hand before turning the dryer on.
  • Direct the nozzle away from the pet.
  • Turn the dryer on.
  • Measure the comfort level of the dryer heat on the wrist.
  • Move the dryer nozzle to direct the air flow on the pet at the rear.
  • Dry the entire leg before moving to the next leg, focusing on the shortest coat length first to prevent curling.
  • Move around the dog systematically, as you brush and dry each section of the dog's coat.
  • Only brush the area where the air flow is reaching.
  • Keep one hand on the pet at all times during the drying process.
  • Monitor the pet's reaction at all times during the drying process.
  • Monitor the skin at all times during the brushing.
  • Adjust temperature of the dryer to the coat and skin condition.
  • Avoid repetitive brushing on an area.

Sacking the Coat
Sacking is a method commonly used on sporting type coats to keep the body coat tight and flat. After drying the coat to the point where the coat is almost dried, a towel is very carefully placed on the body and moved slightly backwards to make the coat lie flat and smooth and in the right direction on the jacket of sporting coat types. The towel prevents the coat from waving and having whispies sticking out on the jacket. The towel is fastened under the jaw and under the stomach. The dog is placed in a kennel until the coat dries.

Sacking Procedures:

  • Dry the coat to the point that the jacket is almost dry.
  • Place a towel on the back of the dog that will cover the entire jacket area.
  • Secure under the jaw and under the stomach.
  • Place the dog in a kennel until the skin and coat dries and the hair is set.
  • Remove the towel by pulling the towel backwards over the rump.

Safe & Gentle Handling
Before Using a Dryer on a Pet

Before using a specific dryer on a pet, the past grooming history of the pet must be reviewed. Dogs that are breathing, temperament, age, or physically challenged need special drying methods. The professional must monitor the pet at all times during the drying procedure. Pets that have been groomed for many years may suddenly react to the dryer. Always direct the nozzle away from the eyes, ears, nose and mouth. If the dog resists or struggles with the high velocity dryer, turn the airflow down or change the condenser cone. If the dog continues to struggle, use an alternative drying method. High velocity dryers are designed to apply a lot of air flow to a specific area. The professional must use caution when applying force to the neck, heart and kidney area of the pet. Professionals using a high velocity dryer should always test the force of air on their arm so that they can relate to the amount of force that the pet receives during the drying process.

Drying Breathing Challenged Pets
A brachycephalic dog has a very difficult time breathing with air blowing across or toward the face during the drying procedure simply because of the position of his/her nose. A pet that is breathing challenged due to a collapsed trachea has basically the same problem. Warm or hot air makes it even more difficult for these pets with special needs because a dog regulates his/her body temperature through respiration or panting, which is very difficult if the dog has air blowing across or into the face.

Heads Down!
Breathing challenged pets must have the head protected at all times during the drying phase. The same safety procedure of forming a "visor" with your hand to protect the eyes, nose and mouth is required and the force of air is directed away from the this area.

*Deaths of breathing challenged pets can occur in a salon simply due to stress .

Salon First Aid
The Stress Howl

The "stress howl" is a response that is seen mostly in the senior pet in the salon, however, it can happen to any dog. The dog reacts to the sound and/or air flow/force/frequency of the dryer. The dog will howl, seemingly out of control, and may urinate and/or defecate. The pet appears to be in a seizure type state. The professional must immediately remove the pet from the drying table or drying kennel and if possible move to a quiet environment. The professional should use calming tones, words and massage continuously during this time to help calm the pet. Monitor the pet to see if there is an immediate change. Prepare the pet and be ready to take it to the veterinarian if the dog does not come out of this state within a few minutes. Document in the pet's file not to use this drying method again. Notify the pet family of this incident and that it is critical that they inform individuals working on this particular dog that it cannot be forced dried in the future. Never use a high velocity dryer on a dog that has previously reacted with the "stress howl."

Safety Policy
Safety for the Professional

Dogs collect an array of interesting items in their coat. They play in the creek, dig in the dirt and investigate under bushes and shrubs in the yard. The professional must take care especially when force drying the coat of man's best friend. Christmas ornament hooks, twigs and other objects that have a way of sticking in the hair have been know to fly out of the coat during the drying procedure. The professional must wear safety glasses to protect his/her eyes in the drying area.

The undercoat that flies in all directions when the professional places a high velocity dryer to a coat that is ready to shed creates another health hazard for the professional. A mask must be worn in the drying area to prevent breathing in the hair and debris.

The dryers may not seem too loud for the beginner, but continued exposure can have long term effects on hearing. Professionals must also wear ear plugs to protect their ears in the drying area

Pet Grooming Training