Dog Breed Info

Prep Phase


The care of the eyes on breeds with scruffy wire coat types are the same for the pet and show trim, and is considered moderate due to length of coat around eye area, especially for breeds with large, protruding eyes or breeds with eye disorders.

Removing Tearing
The tearing collects dirt and clings to coat and if not removed, dries and becomes crusty. Skin can also become irritated. Use a tearless shampoo or warm water to soften and remove crusted tearing from corner of eye area using a medium tooth comb, with lay of coat. Cleaning schedule is determined by amount of coat left on brow and muzzle and severity of eye disorder.

Eye Care Procedure
Use a soft cloth with a mild shampoo to remove tearing and to clean the skin and coat around the upper and lower eyelids, corner of eyes, stop area and upper muzzle. Use a damp cloth with a waterless shampoo on a dog that is head shy. If the dog has wrinkles, spread the skin to smooth out the wrinkle to clean, rinse and dry the area properly.


Care of eyes on breeds with broken, scruffy and tight wire coat types require more time and maintenance than breeds with short, smooth, medium smooth, Nordic, rough, rough Nordic, medium long, sporting and sporting saddle due to amount of coat around eye area.

Maintenance Level: Moderate
Schedule: Weekly



Erect Type Ears
Care of ears on breeds with scruffy coat types, with erect ears, is the same for pet and show trim, and at a maximum due to amount of coat on ear. Erect ear allows for excellent ventilation and sparse hair in ear canal acts as filtering system. Erect ears that have excessive coat in ear canal, hair can be removed to create ventilation to prevent ear infections and to achieve correct head trim style.


Trimming During the Finishing Phase
Scruffy wire coat types with erect ears can require removing longer coat to create correct ear shape, trim style and expression. Longer coat is trimmed using hand stripping, clippering, scissoring and thinning techniques to create correct ear trim style. Do not overtrim. Scruffy wire coat types require an overall scruffy appearance.

Trimming Tips of Ear Leather during Finishing Phase
Trimming tips of ear leather to remove coat to create specific trim style is required on wire coat types. Clippering techniques are used to remove coat on topside and underside of ear leather. Edges are trimmed with clippers or scissors to create sharp lines.

Drop Type Ears
Care of ears on breeds with scruffy wire coat types, with drop ears, require a more frequent ear cleaning schedule to keep ears smelling fresh and to prevent ear infections due to type of ear (drop) and lack of ventilation that keeps ear canal moist, creating an environment for odors and bacteria to grow.


Trimming Ventilation Strip During Finishing Phase
Trimming longer coat in front of ear canal on breeds with drop ears creates better ventilation and helps eliminate a moist environment in which bacteria can grow. Keeping ears well ventilated also eliminates odor caused by lack of ventilation. Before trimming ventilation strip check breed standard. For the pet trim, preventing ear infections and eliminating odor is typically the first choice for the pet family.

Trimming Coat on Topside and Underside of Ear
Trimming coat on ears to appear shorter following contour of ear leather is required on some breeds to enhance or correct shape of ear to achieve the ultimate expression. Handstripping, clippering, thinning and scissoring techniques are used to achieve the proper ear trim style for the individual breed.


Trimming Coat on Upper Portion of Ear Leather on Topside and Underside
Trimming the coat from the upper portion of the ear leather on topside and underside to appear shaved or short coated is the signature look for show and pet trims. A handstripping and clippering technique is used to remove coat. Ear leather is trimmed short to jawline leaving longer coat on the lower half.

Hearing Loss
Excessive coat in ear canal can cause hearing loss. To eliminate removing excessive amounts during one session place dog on a 2 - 3 week grooming schedule.

Ear Infections and Odors
Hair is plucked from ear canal to prevent infection and odor caused by build up of hair that prevents ventilation that keeps area damp and difficult to keep clean.

Ear Care Procedure
Use a cotton ball soaked with ear cleaning solution to swab ear canal and area around canal, including underside of ear leather.


Maintenance Level: Moderate
Time Frame:Every 6 weeks
Ear Canal Hair Removal: Yes
Ventilation Strip: Drop Ears - Yes
Erect Ears - No



Care of ears on breeds with short, smooth, medium smooth and Nordic coat types are the same and require same amount of time and maintenance. Care of ears on breeds with rough and rough Nordic coat types takes more time due to slightly longer coat. Care of ears on breeds with medium long coat types takes more time than rough and rough Nordic due to trimming and styling. Care of ears on broken, scruffy and tight wire coat types require about the same amount of time and maintenance as medium long coat types.

FOOT CARE
Care of the feet on breeds with scruffy wire coat types varies due to amount of coat on foot. Coat on top of foot, coat around edges, coat that grows over pads, coat between pads and coat between toes may be trimmed.

Breed Standards
Reference breed standards to verify the type of trim style. For example, many breed standards require coat to be trimmed in a tight bevel.

Foot Care Procedures
Coat is trimmed utilizing clippering, scissoring, thinning, handstripping and carding techniques. Coat may be trimmed on top of foot, around edge to create a bevel, from pads and coat that grows over pads and sometimes between toes to maintain length, create proper foot type, correct style and prevent matting. Coat is also removed to prevent debris from gathering and to create secure movement for dog, especially on slick surfaces.

Maintenance Level: Moderate
Time Frame:Every 6 weeks
Hair Removal Between Pads: Yes
Hair Removal Over Pads: Yes

Compare to Know the Difference
Care of feet on breeds with short, smooth, medium smooth and Nordic are at a minimum. Dogs with rough, rough Nordic and medium long coat types require trimming to create a natural smooth coated appearance. Care of the feet on the broken, scruffy and wire coat types require trimming to create a variety of different styles.


Care of sanitary on breeds with tight wire coat types require trimming stomach, around rectal area and on underside of tail at base to create proper profile. Many breeds require upper, inner thigh muscle to be trimmed. Check breed standard and styling guidelines before trimming upper, inner thigh.

Pet Trims
For the pet, trimming stomach and underside of tail at base and around rectum prevents stains, odors and fecal matter sticking to longer hair, especially when the tail is tucked. Clippering techniques are used to remove coat, with lay, to prevent irritating skin.

Long Legged Terrier Trim Style Sanitary
Breeds with long legged terrier trim styles require stomach, around rectum, between cowlicks, groin area and upper, inner thigh muscle trimmed short.


Maintenance Level: Moderate
Time Frame: Every 6 weeks
Sanitary Type: Stomach, Around Rectum and Underside Base of Tail


The sanitary is the same on all trim styles on breeds with wire coat types except for long legged terrier trim styles which are unique and separates this style from other wire coated trims.


The focus when prepping coat before bath on wire coat types is to remove excessive coat by brushing, handstripping and carding.

Handstripping and Carding Coat
Topcoat is removed during prepping phase using handstripping techniques. The decision to strip down coat or rotate coat is determined by grooming schedule. Focus on shorter coated areas such as topskull, cheeks, ears and jacket. Work transition lines blending shorter coat on jacket to longer coat on legs and skirt. Consider overall balance and symmetry of trim style when handstripping longer furnishings on head, body and legs.To complete prepping procedure for wire coat types, overall coat is carded with a focus on jacket area.

Clippering the Coat
For pet trim short coated areas are clippered during prep to remove excessive coat if dog is not on regular schedule. If pet is on 6 week schedule, clippering can be accomplished during finishing phase. If coat is clippered during prepping phase, same procedure must be performed during finishing phase to achieve optimum results. Card coat before and after clippering to help maintain texture and color and to prevent skin disorders.


Coat Removal (before the bath): Handstripping and carding
Pet Grooming Training